November in the Garden!

November is officially the last month of Spring. Temperatures are already soaring, plants are growing quickly and there is colour in abundance. Use November to prepare for your holiday colour.

Flowers:

It is time to pull out the last of your winter colour and replace with Summer colour.

  • Dead head those early Spring/Summer flowers to keep them going.
  • Feed with a liquid fertiliser every two weeks.
  • Prepare beds for new flower planting with compost and superphosphate or bonemeal.
  • Plant seedlings such as Petunias, Dianthus, Bedding Dahlias, Portulaca, various Impatiens and Begonias.
  • Sow seeds of Hollyhocks, Sunflowers and Cosmos.

Vegetables:

Vegetables prefer to be planted in a sunny position.

  • Plant different chillies and peppers early so that you will have fruit all season.
  • Plant veggies such as Tomatoes, Beans (various types), Spinach, Rocket, Brinjals, various Lettuces in small quantities and at two weekly intervals so that your veggies are not all ready for picking at the same time.
  • Sow seeds of Carrots, Radish, Beetroot and Turnips.
  • Have your stakes in place when planting Tomatoes, Climbing Beans and Brinjals in order to not disturb the roots at a later stage.
  • Harvest ripe vegetables regularly to keep them producing for you.
  • Fertilise at least once a month to keep plants strong and healthy.
  • Keep eyes open for pests and diseases and treat accordingly.

Fruit Trees:

There is still time to plant new fruit trees eg. Pears, Peaches, Plums, Figs, Citrus and even Nut trees.

  • Harvest fruit from early producers.
  • Spray mid to late season producers at three quarters petal drop to prevent fruit being stung by fruit flies.
  • Stake young trees to stop them breaking in the Summer storms.
  • Feed fruit trees with a 3:1:5 fertiliser once a month to keep them strong, healthy and producing fruit.
  • Keep eyes open for pest and diseases, especially psylla on new citrus growth.
  • Spray as and when necessary.

Perennials:

  • Perennials such as Gaura, Day Lilies and Agapanthus are coming into flower now.
  • Plant out new perennials such as various Salvias, Scabiosa, Inca lilies, Coreopsis and various Lavenders.
  • Keep perennials well mulched and feed once a month with a general fertiliser like 2:3:2.
  • Water regularly and deeply during dry spells.
  • Treat pests and diseases as you see them.

Shrubs:

Many shrubs are now in full flower.

  • Cut out dead and diseased branches.
  • Trim shrubs, standards and hedges to keep them looking neat and tidy. Be careful not to cut off all the flowers.
  • Keep beds well mulched and feed shrubs at least once a month with a general fertiliser such as 2:3:2.
  • Water regularly and deeply during dry spells.

Roses:

October was rose month but roses are still looking fantastic.

  • Dead head roses regularly to keep them flowering for longer.
  • Keep them well mulched to keep in the moisture and to keep the temperature even.
  • Feed them monthly with an 8:1:5 fertiliser and water deeply at least twice a week.
  • Spray every two weeks with a cocktail as a preventative measure.
  • If infected, spray once a week until outbreak is under control.

Lawns:

Lawns need to be cut at least once a week but sometimes twice a week.

  • Feed lawns regularly with a high nitrogen content fertiliser to keep grass green.
  • Trim edges when you mow to prevent grass growing into your flower beds.
  • Water regularly and deeply during dry spells.

Birds:

  • Keep bird baths and water features topped up in warm weather.
  • Keep feeding with seed and suet as there are a lot of young birds leaving their nests.
  • Don’t forget to cater for the fruit eaters!

General:

  • Try and keep weeds under control.
  • Check for buds and diseases regularly and treat as necessary
  • Check all staked plants regularly to see that they are not tied too tightly or have not broken during a storm.
  • Keep water features and ponds clear of fallen leaves and debris to avoid pumps and filters clogging.