SEPTEMBER IN THE GARDEN
September is a time of new beginnings. Watch your garden turn from drab to a rainbow of colour before your eyes.
What to do in the garden.
- Dead head and feed winter annuals that are still flowering. Dispose of spent flowers to the compost heap.
- Introduce compost and fertilizer into the flower beds to ensure a successful season ahead.
- Plant Spring/Summer flowering annuals such as Petunias, bedding Dahlias, Marigolds, Impatiens, Begonias and Salvias. We have a great selection.
- Water regularly and feed with a liquid fertilizer every two weeks.
- Sow seeds of Cosmos, Nasturtiums, Hollyhocks, Lavatera, Allysum and Forget Me Nots.
Vegetables prefer full sun. Provide a netting and support structure for climbing varieties eg. Beans.
- Replace winter veggies with new summer seedlings.
- Prepare your vegetable garden using organic fertilizer, compost, and kraal-manure.
- Plant seed potatoes.
- Summer vegetable seedlings like Tomatoes, Chillies, Peppers, Egg Plants, Lettuces, Onions and Spinach are ready for planting.
- Sow seeds of Bush and Runner Beans, Maize, Carrots and various Pumpkins and Squash.
- Feed vegetables with a 6:3:4 fertilizer every six weeks.
- Water more frequently as the temperatures rise.
- Sweet Basil is back in stock.
- Plant herb seedlings such as Rocket, Parsley, Coriander, Origanum Chives, Sage along with many others.
- Cut back all overgrown herbs such as Rosemary, Lavender, Bergamot and Lemon Verbena.
- Water and feed to boost growth.
Fruit trees, Nuts, and Citrus.
What to plant now:
Fruit Trees: Peaches, Pears, Plums, Pomegranates and Avocados.
Nuts: Macadamia and Pecan Nut Trees
Citrus: Lemon Trees, Kumquats, Calamondins and Grape Fruit.
- Water Citrus regularly and deeply as they come into flower.
- Feed all fruit trees with a 3:1:5 fertilizer.
- Spray fruit trees against fruit flies and codling moth at three quarter petal drop.
- Clivia is in flower and a good time to choose and plant new plants.
- Cut back winter flowering perennials as soon as they have finished flowering. Divide and transplant where necessary.
- Now is a good time to plant out new perennials such as Cape Daisies(Osteospermums), Candy Tuft( Iberis), Columbines( Aquilegia), Statice (Limonium) Geraniums and many others.
- Keep beds well mulched.
- Feed with a general purpose fertilizer such as 2:3:2 or an organic all purpose fertilizer.
Water more frequently as it gets warmer.
Shrubs and Trees.
- Selectively prune winter flowering shrubs that have finished flowering.
- Cut back dead and diseased wood.
- Lightly prune Spring flowering shrubs once they have finished flowering.
- This is the ideal time to plant new shrubs and trees.
- Shape and contain shrubs, hedges, and standards to maintain the desired size.
- Ensure beds are well mulched.
- Fertilize with a general fertilizer to optimize growth.
- Water roses deeply twice a week.
- Feed regularly with a rose fertilizer such as 8:1:5 or 5:1:5.
- Prune and remove undesirable growth to maintain the shape of the rose.
- Now that the roses are shooting, spray your roses with a cocktail as a preventative against pests and diseases.
- Keep roses well mulched at all times.
- Ensure that standard roses are suitably staked.
- Cut Kikuyu lawn short and rake out and remove dead grass.
- Spike lawns with a spiked roller or garden fork.
- Apply lawn dressing and fertilize.
- Water deeply twice a week.
- Now is also a good time to lay new lawn. Shade and evergreen varieties in seed and plugs.
- Ensure bird feeders and bird stations are stocked with suet, seed, fruit and peanuts to keep birds visiting your garden.
- Keep bird baths clean and topped up with fresh water.
- Plant shrubs such as Cape Honeysuckle, Tree Fuchsia, Strelitzias and Proteas to attract different kinds of birds to the garden.
- Start a weeding program.
- Keep an eye open for pests and diseases and treat accordingly.
- Transplant and split water plants as necessary.
- Clean ponds and filters as needed.