SEPTEMBER IN THE GARDEN

September is a time of new beginnings. Watch your garden turn from drab to a rainbow of colour before your eyes.

What to do in the garden.

Flowers:

  • Dead head and feed winter annuals that are still flowering. Dispose of spent flowers to the compost heap.
  • Introduce compost and fertilizer into the flower beds to ensure a successful season ahead.
  • Plant Spring/Summer flowering annuals such as Petunias, bedding Dahlias, Marigolds, Impatiens, Begonias and Salvias. We have a great selection.
  • Water regularly and feed with a liquid fertilizer every two weeks.
  • Sow seeds of Cosmos, Nasturtiums, Hollyhocks, Lavatera, Allysum and Forget Me Nots.

Vegetables:

Vegetables prefer full sun. Provide a netting and support structure for climbing varieties eg. Beans.

  • Replace winter veggies with new summer seedlings.
  • Prepare your vegetable garden using organic fertilizer, compost, and kraal-manure.
  • Plant seed potatoes.
  • Summer vegetable seedlings like Tomatoes, Chillies, Peppers, Egg Plants, Lettuces, Onions and Spinach are ready for planting.
  • Sow seeds of Bush and Runner Beans, Maize, Carrots and various Pumpkins and Squash.
  • Feed vegetables with a 6:3:4 fertilizer every six weeks.
  • Water more frequently as the temperatures rise.

Herbs:

  • Sweet Basil is back in stock.
  • Plant herb seedlings such as Rocket, Parsley, Coriander, Origanum Chives, Sage along with many others.
  • Cut back all overgrown herbs such as Rosemary, Lavender, Bergamot and Lemon Verbena.
  • Water and feed to boost growth.

Fruit trees, Nuts, and Citrus.

What to plant now:

Fruit Trees: Peaches, Pears, Plums, Pomegranates and Avocados.

Nuts:              Macadamia and Pecan Nut Trees

Citrus:            Lemon Trees, Kumquats, Calamondins and Grape Fruit.

  • Water Citrus regularly and deeply as they come into flower.
  • Feed all fruit trees with a 3:1:5 fertilizer.
  • Spray fruit trees against fruit flies and codling moth at three quarter petal drop.

Perennials:

  • Clivia is in flower and a good time to choose and plant new plants.
  • Cut back winter flowering perennials as soon as they have finished flowering. Divide and transplant where necessary.
  • Now is a good time to plant out new perennials such as Cape Daisies(Osteospermums), Candy Tuft( Iberis), Columbines( Aquilegia), Statice (Limonium) Geraniums and many others.
  • Keep beds well mulched.
  • Feed with a general purpose fertilizer such as 2:3:2 or an organic all purpose fertilizer.

Water more frequently as it gets warmer.

Shrubs and Trees.

  • Selectively prune winter flowering shrubs that have finished flowering.
  • Cut back dead and diseased wood.
  • Lightly prune Spring flowering shrubs once they have finished flowering.
  • This is the ideal time to plant new shrubs and trees.
  • Shape and contain shrubs, hedges, and standards to maintain the desired size.
  • Ensure beds are well mulched.
  • Fertilize with a general fertilizer to optimize growth.

Roses:

  • Water roses deeply twice a week.
  • Feed regularly with a rose fertilizer such as 8:1:5 or 5:1:5.
  • Prune and remove undesirable growth to maintain the shape of the rose.
  • Now that the roses are shooting, spray your roses with a cocktail as a preventative against pests and diseases.
  • Keep roses well mulched at all times.
  • Ensure that standard roses are suitably staked.

Lawns:

  • Cut Kikuyu lawn short and rake out and remove dead grass.
  • Spike lawns with a spiked roller or garden fork.
  • Apply lawn dressing and fertilize.
  • Water deeply twice a week.
  • Now is also a good time to lay new lawn. Shade and evergreen varieties in seed and plugs.

Birds:

  • Ensure bird feeders and bird stations are stocked with suet, seed, fruit and peanuts to keep birds visiting your garden.
  • Keep bird baths clean and topped up with fresh water.
  • Plant shrubs such as Cape Honeysuckle, Tree Fuchsia, Strelitzias and Proteas to attract different kinds of birds to the garden.

General tasks:

  • Start a weeding program.
  • Keep an eye open for pests and diseases and treat accordingly.
  • Transplant and split water plants as necessary.
  • Clean ponds and filters as needed.